Diabetes has hidden dangers that begin before diagnosis and continue to worsen if certain steps aren't taken to prevent the complications which are the true, "killers" in terms of diabetes.
Statistics reveal that there are around 18 million diabetics in America, both Type 1 and Type 2. It is amazing how many people, diabetics included, that don't have any clue what dangers a diabetic faces above their lifetime. A diabetic, all things being equal, lifestyles almost 10 years less than their non-diabetic counterpart on average.
Why do diabetics life shorter life spans than non-diabetics? The answer is both simple and complicated. Simple in describing in general terms, complicated in the medical sense. Without travel the complex route in this guide, I will try to give an easy, straight forward answer to the above question. Diabetics live shorter lives than non-diabetics due to diabetic complications.
Diabetic complications include chronic health conditions that begin to affect the entire body of the diabetic. These complications are caused largely by a condition that the medical community had named, "Advanced Glycation End products" which is only, "excess sugar" saturating the inside of the cells of their body. This illness also called AGE for short contains coronary heart disease, vascular disease, blindness, kidney disease, retinopathy (blindness) and loss of sensation in the hands and the feet (peripheral neuropathy) amongst others.
Diabetes in the first stages doesn't produce symptoms. Unless found during a routine medical exam, it is possible for a diabetic to stay undiagnosed for years. It's during those years that the beginnings of diabetic complications may gain a foothold due excess sugar in the cells (AGE). The statistics reveal there's the possibility of as many as more than 5 million people going about their normal lives while getting undiagnosed diabetes.
Though the current consensus is that the formulation for diabetic complications Diabetes + Time = Complications. What this means is there is a much greater possibility of a diabetic becoming diagnosed with one or more diabetic complications over time. This is partly due to how well the person monitors and controls blood glucose.
Drastic rises and falls of blood sugar can be hard on the body and the excess sugar within the cells create havoc on various nerves inside the body as well as the capillaries, veins, and arteries. The evidence to date show that excellent control of blood glucose and also an energetic lifestyle goes a lengthy way in preventing or slowing the onset of diabetic complications.
There are two different types of diabetes - Type One and Type Two. Type One strikes children and young adults and is characterized by the pancreas failing to produce insulin that is a hormone that breaks down sugars and starches while converting them to energy. Type Two happens usually after in an adult's life and is characterized by the pancreas being unable to produce enough insulin thanks to a number of factors, obesity being among these.
Around 10 percent of diabetics are Type One while the other 90 percent are Type Two. The major difference between the two being the Type One diabetics are entirely dependent on insulin and take daily injections while the Type Two's have both those who require insulin shots while some can rely on oral medication and/or changes in diet and exercise.
There are several risk factors that can push a pre-diabetic into full blown diabetes.
1) being obese.
2) family history of diabetes,
3) lack of sufficient exercise.
4) history of gestational diabetes (occurs during pregnancy and usually disappears after delivery).
5) certain ethnic groups
People over 45 decades of age and has one or a number of the risk factors mentioned above must be screened for diabetes every year, preferably during an annual medical examination. It has been demonstrated that individuals with these risk variables comprise the vast majority of diagnosed cases of diabetes each year.
What Tests Help Diagnose Diabetes Cases?
There are just two, main tests used for determining whether or not a Individual has a sugar intolerance:
2) Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
Both these evaluations can determine sugar intolerance that's where blood glucose is greater than what is deemed normal. This isn't always a symptom of diabetes however.
People with the aforementioned risk factors can go a long way toward preventing the development of full-blown diabetes by making substantial lifestyle change. What are lifestyle modifications? Shifting unhealthy diets to more blood glucose favorable ones, doing enough exercise to help offset increased blood sugar levels and keep your system healthy and losing weight especially if considered obese by the health care community.
If you're pre-diabetic you need to remain on a strict diabetic diet. Ask your healthcare professional for a diet which fulfills that criteria and restrict cakes, candy, snacks, and other items made of simple sugars. Eat small, healthy meals and eat 5 times a day instead of only three.
If you're already diagnosed with full-blown diabetes, then you should follow the same diet while below the meticulous maintenance of your health care practitioner. Keep your cholesterol, blood pressure and blood glucose within proper limitations and have your eyes checked annually.
Diabetes can contribute to blindness, kidney disease and heart disease. Complications caused nearly 70,000 deaths in 2000.
Diabetic complications can be avoided or diminished for a more extended time period by paying serious attention to lifestyle. A diabetic who eats right, keeps his blood sugar in control and within approved limits, exercises also gets proper rest may expect to have a quality of life that's much greater in terms of the pain and suffering that diabetic complications brings in the lives of diabetics who do nothing to change their lifestyle.
What starts to happen in the diabetic who starts to develop complications due to uncontrolled blood sugars over time is a life filled with the possibility of getting an invalid, either blind, an amputee, or distress renal failure or a heart attack.
The above paints a fairly gloomy picture if lifestyle modifications aren't stuck. Research has shown that the diabetic that keeps their blood sugar within acceptable limits and follows a healthy, diabetic lifestyle that's been proven to be effective against diabetic complications stands a far better chance of not developing many of the complications their less than dedicated counterparts do.
There's a new derivative of thiamine (Vitamin B1) available today that is showing great promise in greatly reducing the excess sugar in the cells of the diabetic, the procedure known as Advanced Glycation Endproducts (AGE).